Biotin (Vitamin B7)

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Biotin is considered a B vitamin. It is a key co-factor in 5 enzymes that are part of the metabolic system that controls energy metabolism.

Biotin is involved with DNA replication and gene expression, and is required for cell growth and differentiation. Biotin can be synthesized by bacteria in the human digestive system, which may contribute to biotin status.

Recommended Dietary Allowances for Biotin

Biotin Nutrition FactsheetSource: Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies

Which Foods Have Biotin?

Beef liver
Chicken liver
Eggs, cooked
Pork
Salmon
Mushrooms
Peanuts
Sunflower seeds
Almonds
Avocado
Strawberries
Sweet potato


Note that the database for biotin in foods in not extensive.

What Happens If You Don’t Get Enough Biotin?

While biotin deficiency due to poor intake is rarely seen, deficiency symptoms can develop after chronic consumption of raw egg white.

A substance in egg white, called avidin, binds biotin in the digestive system and prevents it from being absorbed.

Cooking inactivates the avidin. Again, this problem develops after daily consumption of raw egg white for a long period. Liver disease and an unusual genetic disorder that impairs biotin absorption can also cause deficiency symptoms.

Symptoms of biotin deficiency are unique, and include hair loss, neurologic problems like tingling in the hands and feet, fatigue and a scaly rash on the face and genitals. Because hair loss is one symptom, biotin has been investigated as a treatment for hair loss. However, there’s no evidence that extra biotin is a solution for hair loss that’s not caused by biotin deficiency.

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